When a woman has a delay, the first thing I want to know for sure is – is she pregnant? And you rush to the pharmacy, buy a pregnancy test and … Stop, do you know exactly what to do with it? Try easytobemom.
The test takes only a few minutes. In order to perform it, it is necessary to place a few drops of urine on a special strip saturated with a certain chemical substance, or place a strip of mods with a stream of urine. The strip determines the presence of the hormone – human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). HCG is produced by the placenta if the woman is pregnant. This hormone is also responsible for the manifestation of some of the first symptoms of pregnancy, for example, breast tenderness and nausea. The level of hCG, as a rule, can be fixed in the urine approximately 10 days after fertilization. If you do a pregnancy test at home earlier than 10 days after conception, the test can give a false negative result. That is, in this case, the test may show a negative result in actual pregnancy. Specialists advise women to perform the test 5-10 days after the end of the menstrual cycle in order to increase accuracy. If the test shows a negative result, wait a few days. If menstruation does not begin, perform the test again and consult a doctor if necessary. Not all pregnancy tests are equally accurate, some can even detect very low levels of hCG in the urine, others cannot. The test can detect pregnancy at an early stage if it determines a sufficiently low level of hCG. When performing a pregnancy test at home, follow these tips: – If possible, use the first morning urine to test (when the hCG level is most easily determined). If this is not possible, use the urine that has been in the bladder for at least 4 hours. – Before the test, do not drink a large amount of liquid to increase the amount of urine. Excess fluid will dilute urine and lower hCG levels. – Before carrying out the test, carefully read the instructions and follow their instructions. – Some fertility drugs (and other drugs) may affect test results. More detailed information should be indicated on the packaging of the test or in its instructions. In case of any abnormalities during pregnancy, for example, an ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg remains in the fallopian tube without entering the uterus), the level of hCG is low and cannot be determined. If you are not sure about the test results, consult a doctor.